All of us, at one time or another, have been charmed by the curious forms of cactus and type of succulents.
We find them even more fascinating upon closer study.
There’s no end to the number of well-known species and varieties with strange forms and colorful blooms perfect for even windowsill culture.
There are so many unique hybrids many collectors trade plants to grow their collection.
Most collectors soon become partial to certain varieties.
If you are looking for something new and different, you’ll find several items to suit your fancy among favorites described here.
The Globular Parodia
The Parodia, for instance, are delightful small globular cacti with blooms of orange, red and the brightest of yellows.
A particularly good one with red-throated orange-yellow blossoms is Parodia mutabilis.
Gymnocalycium or chin cactus is another small globe-type with blooms that begin in April and continue until fall.
Good, healthy plants flower when very young – only an inch in diameter. Blossoms may be red, pink, white, or yellow.
Gymnocalycium mihanovichii (moon cactus) is a pleasant variety with green and maroon stripes and light green to mahogany flowers.
Ball Shaped Notocactus
Still, another is Notocactus, available in numerous varieties, tall ones and small, ball-shaped types with yellow, red and silvery spines.
Most have yellow flowers, and some have pink and red.
Frequently, the blooms are bigger than the plant.
Notocactus is popular with collectors, easy Malacocarpus (now part of Parodia) is a larger, globular group of plants.
Many fine varieties of this are available. Don’t forget the wool-covered sphere at the top the Turk’s Cap Melocactus.
Tops have a depression filled with what looks to be white wool and the flowers are particularly beautiful.
Lemaireocereus, a vigorous grower, has long-spined branched and climbing varieties.
Most Lemaireocereus grow to grand proportions, and some produce edible fruit in their native habitat Mexico, South America or our Southwest.
Young, smaller plants are beautiful in the house.
Pachycereus (cardon cactus) is another branching type. They grow big and tall, sometimes, as in lower California, as high as 40′ feet tall.
Pachycereus marginatus, the organ pipe cactus, is one of this group.
It grows straight except for branching at the base. It is spineless and fascinating.
The Wide Array Of Succulent Plants
Whereas cacti are only native to the Americas, succulents come from India, South Africa as well as Mexico’s semi-desert regions.
They all have interesting form and color and a mysterious quality suggestive of their exotic origin.
Spectacular Carion Plants
Among the most spectacular are the Carallumas and Stapelias – the Carrion plants.
These are low growing with thick angular stems and leathery, mostly star-shaped flowers that grow as large as 13″ inches across.
They bloom over a long period of time in white, black and intermediate shades among which some of the most striking are bright yellow marked with brown.
The very ornamental Echeverias are a large group we all know as old-fashioned summer bedding plants.
Waxy, smooth and hairy-textured types are interesting under glass for their rosette-shaped, strange-tinted foliage.
Haworthias, especially Haworthia setata, the Lace Hawarthia, is a fine type with tapering, bristly leaves with snow white teeth.
Haworthia turgida has a pleasing pattern on wedge-shaped leaves and Haworthia fasciata has slender pointed leaves marked with white bands.
It takes some sunshine to bring out the bright colors of Andromischus, although like most succulents, it wants only partial shade in hot summer weather.
Leaves are flat, fleshy and handsomely modeled. Some of the best looking are of a solid silver color.
Cacti and Succulents Greenhouse Facts
Cacti and succulents are grown best in light conditions that simulate the conditions of their native places.
Plants grown in pots may be moved around to locations to best suit their various stages of growth.
Seedlings and plants that don’t need much sun are grown in less exposed areas.
Soil for the thriving culture of cacti and succulents should be fine textured and of an open sandy nature.
- Hold moisture evenly
- Drain freely
- Never be allowed to become soggy, muddy, hard or caky
- Always be loose and friable
One simple cactus and succulent soil mixtures consists of:
- One part sand
- One part loam
- One and a quarter parts leafmold
To each bushel (9.3 gallons liquid) add a:
- 6-inch pot of lime
- 3-inch pot of crushed charcoal
Cacti and Succulent Plants from Seed
Although the fastest way to start cacti and succulents is from cuttings.
Many collectors prefer to grow plants from seed because the best plants are raised from seed.
Plus many of us get a big kick out of them by watching their earliest beginning.
The problem is not entirely identical, but the need for care in providing the right growing conditions for the tender seedlings is the same.
Broadcast or sow seed in rows. Deep clay bulb pans are used with broken crockery at the bottom for drainage.
This is covered with fine sandy soil over a fine layer of vermiculite.
This is done to prevent “damp off,” and if vermiculite were used only for this purpose, it could be termed a marvelous product.
After the seed is sown, place a pane of glass covered by paper on top until the seeds sprout.
Keep the new seedling at 65° degrees Fahrenheit, the seed comes up quickly.
Some of the Opuntias (prickly pear cactus) come up in three days.
Care of Seedlings
At no time do plants need more care than at the seedling stage.
Remove the glass covering gradually to give the plants a chance to harden.
Then, it is taken off altogether and the plants are given plenty of air and some light.
A short time after transplanting, feeding begins.
In summer, plants are fed about every month. In winter, when plants are resting, they’re not fed at all.
Never use ice cold water on plants.
During the warm growing season, cacti from the desert can take a good deal of watering.
The watering amount decreases with the fall and almost stopped in winter.
Others, such as the orchid cacti (epiphyllums), can take water regularly throughout the year except during those periods in late summer and fall when flowering has finished.
Most cacti and succulents can grow as house plants.
There are many excellent sources of plants and seeds grown by specialists.